~ The Handbook of the Man of Fashion, by the author of “Etiquette for Gentlemen”, 1847
Complaints @nytimes had about the telegraph in 1858: “superficial, sudden, unsifted, too fast for the truth…” pic.twitter.com/cFwAq7joMJ— Adrienne LaFrance (@AdrienneLaF) July 25, 2014
The Artist in His Museum
Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827)
Oil on canvas
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Vintage Cyberman !!
"Old Mr. Bix’s Hallucination."
The Leisure Hour, 1866.
The true northerner., March 08, 1899
British Library, Additional 24189, f.7 (discovery of the tomb of Hermes Trismegistus). Sir John Mandeville, Illustrations for Mandeville’s Travels. Bohemia, 1st quarter of the 15th century. Artist: Master of the Mandeville Travels.
British Library, Additional 24189, f.015r (Miniature of astronomers on Mt Athos, above, studying the stars with astrolabes and quadrants and, below, inscribing strange characters in the dust with sticks). Sir John Mandeville, Illustrations for Mandeville’s Travels. Bohemia, 1st quarter of the 15th century. Artist: Master of the Mandeville Travels.
Leaf with Saint Christopher bearing Christ - Unknown
St. Christopher Feast Day July 25th
There are several legends associated with the life and death of Saint Christopher which first appeared in Greece and had spread to France by the 9th century. The 11th-century bishop and poet, Walter of Speyer, gave one version, but the most popular variations originated from the 13th-century Golden Legend.
According to the legendary account of his life Christopher was initially called Reprobus.He was a Canaanite 5 cubits (7.5 feet (2.3 m)) tall and with a fearsome face. While serving the king of Canaan, he took it into his head to go and serve “the greatest king there was”. He went to the king who was reputed to be the greatest, but one day he saw the king cross himself at the mention of the devil. On thus learning that the king feared the devil, he departed to look for the devil. He came across a band of marauders, one of whom declared himself to be the devil, so Christopher decided to serve him. But when he saw his new master avoid a wayside cross and found out that the devil feared Christ, he left him and enquired from people where to find Christ. He met a hermit who instructed him in the Christian faith. Christopher asked him how he could serve Christ. When the hermit suggested fasting and prayer, Christopher replied that he was unable to perform that service. The hermit then suggested that because of his size and strength Christopher could serve Christ by assisting people to cross a dangerous river, where they were perishing in the attempt. The hermit promised that this service would be pleasing to Christ.
After Christopher had performed this service for some time, a little child asked him to take him across the river. During the crossing, the river became swollen and the child seemed as heavy as lead, so much that Christopher could scarcely carry him and found himself in great difficulty. When he finally reached the other side, he said to the child: “You have put me in the greatest danger. I do not think the whole world could have been as heavy on my shoulders as you were.” The child replied: “You had on your shoulders not only the whole world but Him who made it. I am Christ your king, whom you are serving by this work.” The child then vanished.
Christopher later visited the city of Lycia and there comforted the Christians who were being martyred. Brought before the local king, he refused to sacrifice to the pagan gods. The king tried to win him by riches and by sending two beautiful women to tempt him. Christopher converted the women to Christianity, as he had already converted thousands in the city. The king ordered him to be killed. Various attempts failed, but finally Christopher was decapitated.
Historical examination of the legends suggests Reprobus (Christopher) lived during the Christian persecutions of the Roman emperor Decius, and that he was captured and martyred by the governor of Antioch. Historian David Woods has proposed that St. Christopher’s remains were possibly taken to Alexandria by Peter of Attalia where he may have become identified with the Egyptian martyr Saint Menas.
The legend of Saint Christopher records two important historical facts that identify him with the historical Saint Menas. The first is that the Greek and Latin legends of Saint Christopher identify him as belonging to the Third Valerian Cohort of the Marmantae (Latin: Cohors tertia Valeria, at Marmantarum), a military unit of Northern Africa of Marmarica (between modern day Libya and Egypt), recruited by none other than the Emperor Diocletian. The second is that Saint Christopher was martyred in Antioch.
The martyrdom of Saint Menas corresponds to the details of the legend of Saint Christopher. The theory that identifies the two saints as one and the same concludes that the name “Christopher” meaning “Christ-bearer” was a title given to the name of the valiant Menas who died in Antioch. Since he was not a native of that land, his name was not known and so he was simply revered by his generic title: “Christophoros” or “Christ-Bearer.” Saint Menas happens to be the patron of travelers in the Coptic tradition, which further supports an association with Saint Christopher who is the patron of travelers in the Greek and Latin traditions.
Tom Belcher (1811)
Regency Prizefighter JEM BELCHER.
'His agility, speed and craft earned him nickname Napoleon of the Ring'.
Belcher was champion 1800-03, and wore the ‘Belcher neckerchief’, which became ‘all the go’ amongst fashionable Georgian sporting men.