Possession and justice. When socialists prove that the distribution of wealth in present-day society is the consequence of countless injustices and atrocities, rejecting in summa the obligation towards anything so unjustly established, they are seeing one particular thing only. The whole past of the old culture is built on violence, slavery, deception, error; but we, the heirs of all these conditions, indeed the convergence of that whole past, cannot decree ourselves away, and cannot want to remove one particular part. The unjust frame of mind lies in the souls of the “have-nots,” too; they are no better than the “haves,” and have no special moral privilege, for at some point their forefathers were “haves,” too. We do not need forcible new distributions of property, but rather gradual transformations of attitude; justice must become greater in everyone, and the violent instinct weaker.
Friedrich Nietzsche, Human, All Too Human (1878)
Well it couldn’t be much clearer that normatively, politically speaking, Nietzsche was for the most part functionally libertarian. His critique of socialist redistribution and call for a reduction in legitimated violence is highly reminiscent of contemporary anti-state economists like David Friedman and Anthony de Jasay.