The martyrdom of St Alban, from a 13th century manuscript, now in the Trinity College Library, Dublin. Note the executioner’s eyes falling out of his head.
Alban sheltered a Christian priest (Geoffrey of Monmouth’s later interpolation giving his name as “Amphibalus”, the name for the cloak) in his home, and was converted and baptised by him. When the “impious prince”, as Bede has called him, sent Roman soldiers to Alban’s house to look for the priest, Alban exchanged cloaks with the priest and was arrested in his stead at Chantry Island. Alban was taken before the magistrate, who was furious at the deception and ordered that Alban be given the punishment due to the priest if he had indeed become a Christian. Alban declared, “I worship and adore the true and living God who created all things.” These words are still used in prayer at St Albans Abbey. St Alban was eventually sacrificed to the Roman gods and was condemned to death. He was taken out of the town across the River Ver to the top of the hill opposite. The reputed place of his beheading is where St Albans Cathedral now stands.